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Point of interests in Rome

TitleRegia
Address
TimeVIII a.C. sec.
DescriptionThe Regia and the temple of Vesta represented the fulcrum of the religious life of the city. In the Regia, the Rex Sacrorum and the Pontifex Maximus officiated at very ancient rites. Two important sanctuaries were located here: the sanctuary of Mars, featuring the spears and sacred shields that represented the means by which the divinity protected the city, and the sanctuary of Ops Consiva, the agricultural goddess of the harvest, open only to the Pontifex Maximus and the Vestals. In the Regia, the Annales pontificum were kept, the archives that the pope drew up each year on the most important events in the life of the city. The area in which the building stood bears traces of a settlement of huts from the IX century B.C., simlar to the so-called the Romulan huts of the Palatine. At the end of VII century B.C. a masonry dwelling with rooms facing onto a courtyard was built there. At the end of the VI century, at a date corresponding to the beginning of the Republic (509 B.C.), the Regia assumed its definitive form and would never be changed, notwithstanding numerous restorations, since the site was considered sacred. The building was composed of two parts, to the south in rectangular form, to the north in trapezoidal form. The southern sector, perfectly oriented along an east-west direction, is subdivided into three rooms: the central one, the entrance, gave access to the east to the sanctuary of Ops Consiva, to the west to the sanctuary of Mars, furnished with a circular altar. The northern sector was occupied by an open courtyard, lined with a double portico, in which a number of wells and sacred laurels were located.


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